First cases of African swine fever in domestic pigs confirmed in Germany


By Alistair Driver, Pig World (UK)

July 16, 2021


The first cases of African swine fever (ASF) in domestic pigs in Germany have been confirmed by the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI).


Two farms are affected in the Brandenburg region in the east of the country, close to the Polish order – an organic farm in the Spree-Neisse district, at which a sow died, an and a smallholding with just two pigs Märkisch-Oderland.


All the pigs on both holdings will be culled and restriction zones are being set up by the local authorities, out of which the movement of live pigs and pig products will be banned.


FLI, Germany’s National Reference Laboratory for ASF, reported that the organic farm is in the existing ASF core zone, established for wild boars, while the smallholding was in a previously ASF-free white zone. The cause of the two case is ‘unclear’, the FLI said.


More than 1,200 cases of ASF in wild boar have been confirmed in Brandenburg and neighbouring Saxony since ASF was first discovered in Brandenburg’s Spree-Neisse district in September 2020. Since then, 103 cases have been confirmed in the Spree-Neisse district and 261 in the Märkisch-Oderland district.


FLI president Dr Thomas C. Mettenleiter said: “Unfortunately, these cases do not come as a complete surprise. An entry in German domestic pig populations had to be expected at the latest since the detection of the infection in wild boars in Germany in September 2020.”


“In its risk assessment to exercise and pasture land conversations from April, FLI stressed how important the protection of pigs was, especially in the core zone and in the vulnerable zone.”


The ASF virus can be transmitted from wild boars to domestic pigs through both direct and indirect contact, the FLI said...


... The discovery will not help the German pig industry, as it works to re-establish its pork export markets, which have been lost since the initial emergence of ASF in wild boar...