U.S. pork industry addresses feral swine disease management
About 3,000 samples from feral swine are tested each year for antibodies against classical swine fever, swine brucellosis and pseudorabies.
Source: Swine Health Information Center
via National Hog Farmer - Sep 11, 2020
This year, USDA estimates there are 6 million feral swine in the United States creating issues for traditional livestock production, natural resources and other species. To address these ongoing issues, including domestic and foreign disease surveillance priorities of feral swine, USDA convened a technical working group consisting of swine industry representatives, state and federal animal health officials, university and wildlife experts, including Paul Sundberg, executive director of the Swine Health Information Center; Harry Snelson, American Association of Swine Veterinarians; Dave Pyburn and Patrick Webb, National Pork Board; Liz Wagstrom, National Pork Producers Council; and Bobby Acord, a consultant with NPPC, also participated. The published review and recommendations report were a collaborative effort between USDA and the other groups for the purpose of addressing the feral swine threat to domestic swine health.
In an article published in the Journal of Animal Science, "Perspectives on the past, present, and future of feral swine disease surveillance in the United States," progress in management of feral swine is detailed. In describing the importance of feral swine management, authors write, "The rapid global spread of ASF (African swine fever) virus in the last 1-2 years in both domestic and wild swine has highlighted the need for vigilant surveillance and demonstrated the devastating impact of a foreign animal disease due to mortality, production losses and restrictions to international trade."
The National Feral Swine Damage Management Program was created in 2014 with the mission of managing feral swine disease damage. Per the published report, about 3,000 samples from feral swine are tested each year for antibodies against classical swine fever, swine brucellosis and pseudorabies. A targeted surveillance program prioritizes counties based on existing feral swine populations, domestic pork production, landfills and other disease-driven factors.
USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service established eight priorities for NFSP in 2018. A full review of the priorities is available here. In brief, they are:
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