ASF is a growing problem for Poland

 

Kees van Dooren, Pig Progress

Jul 29, 2020

 

Whereas Belgium seems to have won the battle against African Swine Fever, Poland does not seem to be able to get a grip on the virus. The number of cases in the west of the country continues to rise. For Germany, this is a reason to build a robust, permanent fence that will prevent wild boar getting in.

 

The African Swine Fever virus (ASFv) is well established in Poland and is a constant threat for pig production elsewhere in northwestern Europe, predominantly for Germany. Earlier this year, the virus was confirmed just over 10.5 km from the border with Germany.

 

Three western provinces

 

The virus has been in Poland since 2014, but until last year it only occurred in the east of the country. In November 2019, however, the virus was also found in the west of Poland. In the meantime, dead wild boar have been found in three western provinces, Lubusz, Lower Silesia and Greater Poland. By July 2020, the number of places where infected wild boar had been found had risen to 974, with 1,845 victims that had tested positive for the virus (see Table 1). In addition, four farms were found to be infected in western Poland by mid-July two commercial farms and two backyard farms.

 

Close watch

 

It is quite logical that the pig industries in northwestern Europe are keeping a close watch on what is happening in Central and Eastern Europe the economic consequences could be disastrous. As soon as the virus has been detected in a given country, the meat exports to major countries in Asia will most likely be temporarily cancelled. Only China will buy roughly 10% of pig carcasses, estimated meatpacker Vion. In the first quarter of 2020, Germany exported 730,000 tonnes of pork and by-products. Of that volume, at least 188,000 tonnes went to China. If exports to China drop for a long time, that will certainly be reflected in the pig price and it will have a knock-on effect for the Netherlands and Denmark, for example, which both export weaner pigs to Germany.

 

Overwhelmed by the virus

 

The Polish General Veterinary Inspectorate (GVI) is responsible for fighting ASF, in both wild boar and domestic pigs. The service will deal with ASF according to the rules of the Polish authorities as well as the European Union. According to Dr Krzysztof Jażdżewski, ASF expert within the GVI, it is understandable that fighting the virus in his country does not appear to be effective, although the Czech Republic has become free of the virus and so will Belgium most likely later this year.

 

Poland infected at least three times from abroad ...

 

ASF in one third of Polish land area ...

 

Search for and removal of carcasses ...

 

Germany aiming for additional measures ...

 

Permanent preventive fence in Saxony and Brandenburg ...

 

Worries continue ...

 

Government rsponds slowly ...

 

Poland has not won the fight yet ...

 

Surprise that ASF has not reached Germany yet ...

 

more, including table

https://www.pigprogress.net/Health/Articles/2020/7/ASF-is-a-growing-problem-for-Poland-615815E/