In this file:
· Illegal Aliens Have Major Role in Food Supply
· Migrant-friendly Canada struggles to attract migrant farm staff
Illegal Aliens Have Major Role in Food Supply
By James Walsh, Newsmax
22 May 2020
Illegal alien workers performed an estimated 45% of the work for food grown in the United States in the decades prior to the 2020 coronavirus. These illegal aliens, from Mexico, Central America, South America, Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe, plant, tend, pick and package American-grown fruits, vegetables, nuts and even commercially-grown flowers.
For the raising of beef, chicken, lamb/mutton and pork products immigrant workers are minimally involved. For slaughtering and processing these meat products, immigrant workers are heavily involved — they are major players.
The American meatpacking business has had a varied and difficult history. In the late 1800s and early 1900s newly arrived Eastern European immigrants worked the slaughterhouses. The slaughterhouse work was and is dangerous and unforgiving of mistakes.
The U.S. Congress passed the Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906 (FMIA), and President Theodore Roosevelt signed it into law. The act made it a crime to adulterate or misbrand meat and meat products sold as food and it regulated sanitary conditions for the slaughter and processing of meat.
The catalyst for the 1906 Congressional action was The Jungle, a 1906 novel by Upton Sinclair (1878-1968).
In 1904, Sinclair was covering the labor strike at Chicago's Union Stockyards for the socialist Appeal to Reason magazine. Seeing the working conditions and contaminated meat products he was appalled. He wrote of the sufferings the immigrant workers endured working in Chicago stockyards. During the early 1900s, meat packing was primarily an urban industry. Today, it is a rural industry.
From his magazine article, he expanded his socialist stride with a book, The Jungle, condemning capitalism and American industries. He was an instant success, professionally and financially. This literary success, along with the financial success, emboldened Sinclair's socialist efforts.
In typical hypocritical socialist style, Sinclair took part of his earnings from The Jungle to establish a socialist-oriented Utopian community, the Helicon Home Colony in New Jersey.
The Colony was for "white non-Jewish persons."
Sinclair was a Democrat Socialist. He ran for Congress as a socialist and for governor of California as a Democrat.
The Roaring '20s was a relatively peaceful time in Chicago's meat- packing industry. 1929 was the start of the decade-long depression that rocked America's and the world's financial world. It hit the meat packing industry — hard.
In the 1930s, unionizing meatpacking workers began. Blacks entered the meatpacking workforce joining the very small number of Hispanics.
With the 1932 election, President Franklin D. Roosevelt led the Democratic party to a 20-year national control of the American political scene.
The beginning of World War II lifted America out of the existing depression. However, FDR and his "New Deal" had a socialist basis that has been modernized and expanded by radical-leftist Democrats in 2020.
During WWII, the military took all able-bodied men. Some women volunteered. To handle the farm and manufacturing needs of a wartime country, relatively small numbers of Mexican nationals migrated into the United States to help the U.S. war effort. This migration was legitimized by the government=sponsored Bracero Program. This program started in 1942 and was continued until 1964. In Spanish, Bracero is translated to mean manual labor.
President John F. Kennedy officially end the Bracero program. In reality, President Eisenhower began the demise of the program in 1954 with "Operation Wetback." This operation abruptly deported many Mexican nationals who had settled into American communities. There was little notice nor national outcry.
In the 1960s, the meatpacking business scaled down and some 940 meatpacking companies were reduced to less than 200. Survival meant a move to the rural areas for cost-saving. Urban union workers refused to go to rural environs. The lessening of union wages and the proximity to the meat producing ranches were pluses for the industry.
By 1969, unions lost the meatpacking workers. Mexicans became the main workforce and loving the higher American wages, even if less the American minimum wage...
Migrant-friendly Canada struggles to attract migrant farm staff
Kait Bolongaro and Shelly Hagan, Bloomberg
via The Middletown Press (CT) - May 21, 2020
Canada traditionally rolls out the welcome mat for seasonal workers to help on the country's farms. Now it can't find enough willing to make the journey.
There is scant local interest in farmwork, so Canada's agriculture sector relies on nearly 60,000 foreign workers to make the journey north each year from countries like Mexico, Jamaica and Guatemala. This year, however, some migrant laborers are deciding to stay home to protect themselves from the coronavirus, resulting in a dearth in essential foreign labor.
That leaves Canadian farmers desperate to fill a shortage of workers, despite facing the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. It's an issue that's quickly become politicized, with the federal government forced to step in and opposition politicians calling for coronavirus aid programs intended for students and the unemployed to be tied to working in the fields.
The government is "exploring additional ways to shore up our domestic labor supply," said Marielle Hossack, spokeswoman for Employment Minister Carla Qualtrough. "We continue to encourage employers to hire Canadians, and jobs are posted - and continue to be available - for Canadians who are interested."
Even as the covid-19 fallout forces Canada to reduce its new arrivals targets for immigration, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's government has implemented measures to try and lure seasonal workers north. They include rolling out exemptions from border closures, easing visa renewals for agriculture workers and providing C$50 million ($36 million) to cover mandatory quarantine costs.
It's still not enough to convince more people to come. Political pressure is mounting to find an alternative labor source locally as Ottawa estimates the shortage at several thousands already with the growing season just beginning.
For the four months to the end of April, 22,000 agricultural workers had arrived to take up jobs from the fruit orchards and vegetable fields of British Columbia to the wine-growing region of Niagara in Ontario. Of the 13,000 projected arrivals for the month of April, only 11,000 workers came.
Syed Hussan, director at Migrant Workers Alliance for Change in Toronto, said the shortage is being compounded by travel difficulties and public health fears. In many cases the workers' countries of origin have fewer covid-19 cases than Canada, and Canadian farms and facilities staffed by migrant workers have witnessed some of the largest workplace outbreaks...