Iowa high court to decide if farm pollution suit continues


David Pitt, Associated Press

via Des Moines Register (IA) - Nov. 5, 2019


The Iowa Supreme Court has decided to step into a legal battle between the state and environmental groups over whether enough is being done to keep hog manure and other farm pollutants from tainting rivers that provide central Iowans drinking water.


An order signed Monday by Justice Edward Mansfield halts all proceedings in a lawsuit filed in March by Iowa Citizens for Community Improvement and Food & Water Watch and orders attorneys to file documents within 14 days to begin the court's review of the case.


In September, District Court Judge Robert Hanson ruled that the lawsuit may proceed to trial. The state asked the Supreme Court to review that decision, arguing that courts typically do not intervene or attempt to put on trial legislative action that involves a political question. The state's attorneys say the farm runoff issue includes controversies revolving around policy choices and value determinations of the legislative and executive branches that courts should avoid.


Lawyers from the Iowa Attorney General's Office are representing the state and have asked the court to dismiss the case. They argued that the lawsuit, if allowed to go to trial, will place decades of nutrient reduction research and policy decisions made by the Legislature, the secretary of agriculture and appointed commissioners on trial.


They said a court ruling that would impose nitrogen and phosphorous restrictions on farms "would be a first in the nation and a dramatic shift from present-day agricultural practices."


"The continued litigation will produce substantial uncertainty and grave concerns for every member of Iowa's agricultural economy, with unknown effects rippling throughout the country," the state's attorneys said.


The environmental groups contend that citizens have every right to challenge in court what they believe to be violation of a fundamental constitutional right.


"This lawsuit is a wake-up call to force the state to act. Every Iowan has a right to clean water under the Public Trust Doctrine, and the state has a duty to protect that right. So far, the state has failed to protect Iowans' right to clean water," the groups said Tuesday in a statement...