In this file:


·         Mississippi River shutdown forecast for next week

·         US Army Corps fights to keep Mississippi River open for shipping



Mississippi River shutdown forecast for next week


by Dan Piller - Des Moines Register (IA)

10:52 AM, Dec 27, 2012


The feared shutdown of the Mississippi River due to low water levels could happen as early as next week, a waterways group said today.


“The forecast suggests that commerce on the Mississippi River could come to an effective halt earlier than expected in the New Year, around January 3 or 4,” a statement by the Waterways group said.


Iowa agriculture is a major user of the Mississippi River not only to ship grain from the eastern half of the state to the Gulf of Mexico for export but also to move fertilizer north for use by Iowa farmers.


The U.S. Waterways Council, which represents barge, towing and other river shipping interests, said that it has been advised by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers of the most current 28-day weather and water forecast for the Mississippi River area near Thebes, Illinois, south of St. Louis, where rock pinnacle removal work is taking place.


Earlier forecasts had suggested that the nine-foot navigation channel could remain in operation until perhaps the middle of January.


The water levels for the Mississippi River have become a point of contention since November when the Corps said it would keep water in reservoirs in the Upper Missouri River in South Dakota rather than allow flow downriver into the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers as is done in a normal year.


The Corps has said it is following a mandate for water levels in reservoirs and rivers that is set by Congress. Various congressmen and governors in states along the Mississippi have called on the White House to waive the rules.


The latest forecast calls for the Mississippi River gauge at Thebes to be at 3 feet and falling on or around January 3-4, with vessel drafts limited to 8 feet.


The forecast for the river gauge to reach to 2 feet and falling will be on or around January 12-13, allowing only a 7-foot maximum vessel draft.


The Waterways Council said “it is estimated that the river will reach a reading of 1 foot and falling on or around January 19, which equates to 6 feet of navigable depth. The majority of towboats require a 9-foot draft to operate and only a very small number of towing vessels can operate at 8- or 7-foot drafts.


Stakeholders continue to urge the administration to release a minimal amount of water from the Missouri River reservoirs (4,000 cfs or 1 percent of current storage in the reservoir system) to avert this effective shutdown of the Mississippi River to barge transportation.


The Waterways Council said “while the Corps and the Coast Guard have said that they have no plans to close the river, this latest forecast and falling water levels will preclude navigation because towboats will be unable to transit the ‘bottleneck reach’ between St. Louis and Cairo, Illinois.


“The Corps’ rock pinnacle removal and dredging work and our collective prayers for rain have not produced enough water to sustain navigation on the Mississippi River and so the Administration must act to avert a closure,” said Michael J. Toohey, President & CEO, Waterways Council, Inc. “We have been urging action all along and the time is now to release needed water or we will have run out of time on this national crisis,” he continued...





US Army Corps fights to keep Mississippi River open for shipping


* Army Corps releases lake water into Mississippi River

* Corps won't affirm shippers' dates for commerce halt

* Rock removal resumes, focus shifts to Thebes, Ill.


By Tom Polansek - Reuters

Dec 27, 2012


CHICAGO, Dec 27 (Reuters) - The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on Thursday ramped up its fight against rapidly falling water levels on the Mississippi River, a day after shippers warned the nation's busiest waterway may effectively shut to commerce next week.


The Corps released water from a southern Illinois lake into the river to aid transportation. It would not affirm shippers' forecasts for a potential closure but said water levels had decreased faster than expected due to ice forming in the river.


Workers also resumed clearing river-bottom rocks after a four-day holiday break to keep goods flowing on a key stretch near Thebes, Ill.


A group of shippers on Wednesday warned that river commerce at Thebes could "come to an effective halt" earlier than expected on January 3 or 4 due to declining water levels, disrupting the flow of billions of dollars worth of grain and other goods from the central United States to the U.S. Gulf Coast. The shippers had previously projected such a closure in mid January.


Shippers, who move about $7 billion in commodities on the Mississippi in December and January alone, for months have been monitoring river water levels between St. Louis, Missouri, and Cairo, Illinois, which includes Thebes, amid concerns about a potential closure.


Water on the Mississippi River is near record low due to the worst U.S. drought since 1956. The Army Corps has been dredging the river daily to keep it open and began clearing hazardous rocks from the shallow area near Thebes last week.


Such efforts, along with some timely precipitation, have helped delay an effective halt to shipments, which barge and towboat operators originally said could occur by Dec. 10.


Army Corps spokesman Mike Peterson on Thursday said he could not affirm the latest river-closure forecast by the shippers.


"I'm not going to dare to put my finger on the calendar somewhere because we've heard that a few times already," he said in an interview. "We're doing everything we can."


The Mississippi River is the main shipping waterway for grain moving from Midwest farms to export facilities at the Gulf of Mexico. Some 55 to 65 percent of the U.S. corn, soybean and wheat exports exit the country via the Gulf.


Exporters stepped up shipments of grain and soybeans to the Gulf Coast before water levels fell to critically low levels. At the current lower water levels barges are having to take on lighter loads so as not to run aground. Exporters also resorted to loading more of goods on rail cars.


Barge and tugboat operators have said that thousands of jobs could be lost if the river closes.




Ice upriver from Thebes has accelerated the decline in Mississippi River levels because it has slowed the water flow toward the Gulf, Petersen said.


The effect is known as "ice bite," he said, because "the ice is taking a bite out of the river flow."


The Mississippi River depth gauge at Thebes was 6 feet on Thursday and set to drop to around 3 feet by Jan. 3, according to the National Weather Service.


The decline could limit drafts, or the distance from the surface of the water to a boat's lowest point, to less than the nine feet that most barge vessels need to operate, according to the Waterways Council, a river industry group.


The Army Corps released additional water from Carlyle Lake in southern Illinois to help keep the river above three feet at Thebes in the near term, Petersen said. It previously released water from the lake on Dec. 15.


The rock removal that resumed on Thursday will close the river near Thebes for 16 hours a day to barges heading south to the U.S. Gulf and northwards after emptying their cargoes at export terminals. River traffic is allowed to transit the six-mile work zone each night, but a backlog of barges forms during the day.


A queue of seven northbound barge tows and four southbound tows were waiting on Thursday afternoon to pass through the area, said U.S. Coast Guard spokesman Colin Fogarty, adding they should all be able to pass through the zone overnight...