In this file:
· Industry facing new guidelines for ‘critically important antibiotics’
· Wyandotte Hospital serving antibiotic-free poultry to curb threat of antibiotic resistance
Industry facing new guidelines for ‘critically important antibiotics’
By Alistair Driver, Pig World (UK)
May 19, 2017
The UK livestock industry is being asked to reduce use of certain categories of antibiotics deemed to be ‘critically important’, under new guidelines adopted by the Responsible Use of Animal Medicines (RUMA) alliance.
This decision means that under the One Health banner, the UK farming industry should be aiming to reduce use of fluoroquinolones, 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins, and colistin, and only be using these antibiotics where no other product will be effective for the condition being treated.
These antibiotic groups will be be one of the key elements of focus for RUMA’s ‘Targets Task Force’ which is due to report goals for reducing antibiotic use in each livestock sector in October this year. The Task Force will also set wider sector specific antibiotic reduction targets with the National Pig Association and the Pig Veterinary Society (PVS) set to submit a proposal for the pig industry in early June.
RUMA has officially adopted the European Medicines Agency’s (EMA’s) list of highest priority ‘critically important antibiotics’ (CIAs), identified because of degree of risk to human health should antimicrobial resistance develop after use in animals.
Slightly different lists of highest priority CIAs are published by the World Health Organisation, the US Food and Drug Agency and the EMA, generating keen debate within farming and the food chain about which should be observed. The decision for RUMA to adopt the EMA list was made after discussions with its members and with the Veterinary Medicines Directorate, which itself follows the EMA’s recommendations.
RUMA secretary general John FitzGerald said different agencies produce their own priority lists as they assess different risks. “The conclusion is that in the UK, the list of highest priority CIAs should reflect the recommendations of the EMA’s Antimicrobial Expert Group,” he said.
“This group, comprising a wide range of specialist European organisations, has made its recommendations after examining the impact the use of antibiotics in animals has on public and animal health in the EU, and measures to manage the possible risk to humans. Most importantly, the EMA’s recommendations are reassessed as new science emerges...
Wyandotte Hospital serving antibiotic-free poultry to curb threat of antibiotic resistance
By Jim Kasuba, The News-Herald (MI)
May 18, 2017
More and more people are concerned about antibiotic resistance, and there appears to be reason for that concern.
Henry Ford Health System is taking on antibiotic resistance, also known as “superbugs,” that claim roughly 23,000 lives and sicken 2 million people each year.
The hospital is incorporating “No Antibiotics Ever” poultry into food services for patients, employees and guests.
The new poultry is being phased in at Henry Ford’s five hospitals and cafeterias. Patients and employees at Henry Ford Wyandotte Hospital and One Ford Place in Detroit were the first to be served antibiotic free chicken earlier this spring.
More than 100,000 patients were admitted to Henry Ford hospitals in 2015, and Henry Ford employs 24,600 people, feeding many of them in its cafeteria each day. Thousands of visitors and guest also eat Henry Ford prepared meals.
“This has the potential to bring health benefits not only to the many individuals we feed daily, all year long, but it is, we hope, a big step in lessening the greater public health threat that comes from the overuse of antibiotics in food animals,” said John Miller, director of Culinary Wellness for Henry Ford.
The poultry is provided by Perdue Harvestland and is labeled NAE — No Antibiotics Ever — the strictest classification of antibiotic-free poultry. It means chicken and turkeys raised by NAE standards were never given antibiotics, even as eggs.
Demand for antibiotic-free poultry, especially among institutional food providers such as hospitals and schools, is on the rise as a growing body of research documents the link between antibiotic resistance in humans and the use of antibiotics to raise food animals.
Overuse and overexposure to antibiotics in animals and humans leads to those antibiotics becoming ineffective, a problem being seen even with common infections.
Health Care Without Harm, a nonprofit advocate for patients, says government figures show that 80 percent of antibiotics sold in the U.S. are used in industrial animal agriculture, not to treat infection or illness, but to promote growth by adding antibiotics to the diets of otherwise healthy food animals...