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·         Export Protocol Negotiation Will Decide the Timeline for U.S. Beef in China

·         Export protocol negotiation to decide timeline for U.S. beef in China

 

 

Export Protocol Negotiation Will Decide the Timeline for U.S. Beef in China

 

By Josh Maples, Mississippi State University

via Drovers CattleNetwork - April 19, 2017

 

It was reported last week that China has agreed to allow beef imports from the U.S. for the first time since 2003. This announcement follows a very similar announcement made in September of 2016, though no actual trade has occurred yet. Gaining access to the most populated country in the world would be a very positive development for the U.S. beef industry. China represents a multibillion-dollar market and has the greatest growth potential for beef consumption of any country in the world. China has a large and growing middle class and has experienced steady increases in beef consumption. China and Hong Kong combined to be the largest beef importers in the world in 2016. While the U.S. already exports to Hong Kong, 87 percent of China’s 2016 beef imports were from Brazil, Uruguay, Australia, and New Zealand.

 

If the U.S. is going to be able to export beef to China, a bilateral agreement over trade specifications must be reached by both countries. The three step process for resuming trade was discussed in a USDA Foreign Agriculture Service report last September (available here). The first step was lifting the ban on U.S. beef. The second and third steps involve negotiating export protocol conditions and an audit of these protocols. The report also pointed toward the discussion of traceability requirements as part of the protocol negotiation. The announcement made last week should be viewed more of a repeat of the first step.

 

We can look to the process Canadian beef followed to re-enter the Chinese market as a reference. China also closed the door on Canadian beef in 2003 as a response to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). In June of 2010, China announced it would reopen imports of Canadian beef in stages. The first stage was boneless frozen beef from cattle under 30 months of age which began shipment in May of 2011. China agreed to allow Canadian bone-in frozen beef from cattle under 30 months old in September of 2016. The specifications for Canadian boneless beef and the proposed requirements for bone-in beef are available here. With regards to traceability, the cattle from which the beef is harvested must meet the requirement that “each animal has a unique identity, the farm of origin (place of birth) can be traced, and the cattle should be slaughtered less than 30 months of age.” The process to begin shipment of U.S. will not necessarily have to follow the same staged process or take the same amount of time. However, this is a good example of the type of protocols and regulatory hurdles that must be negotiated.

 

It is important to note that if and when we finally start exporting beef to China, much work will need to establish market share of U.S. beef in China...

 

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http://www.cattlenetwork.com/news/markets/export-protocol-negotiation-will-decide-timeline-us-beef-china

 

 

Export protocol negotiation to decide timeline for U.S. beef in China

Recent signal from China essentially a repeat of first of three-stage process for resuming trade.

 

Krissa Welshans, Feedstuffs

Apr 19, 2017

 

China once again signaled that it will soon be allowing beef imports from the U.S. after a nearly 14-year ban. The news followed a very similar announcement made in September 2016, although no actual trade has occurred yet.

 

Josh Maples, assistant professor of Mississippi State University’s Department of Agricultural Economics, said gaining access to the most populated country in the world would be a very positive development for the U.S. beef industry.

 

“China represents a multibillion-dollar market and has the greatest growth potential for beef consumption of any country in the world. China has a large and growing middle class and has experienced steady increases in beef consumption,” Maples said. In fact, he said China and Hong Kong combined to be the largest beef importers in the world in 2016, and while the U.S. already exports to Hong Kong, 87% of China’s 2016 beef imports were from Brazil, Uruguay, Australia and New Zealand.

 

If the U.S. is going to be able to export beef to China, Maples said both countries must reach a bilateral agreement over trade specifications. The three-step process for resuming trade includes first lifting the ban on U.S. beef, after which export protocol conditions have to be negotiated, including a discussion of traceability requirements. The last step is an audit of these protocols.

 

With these steps in mind, Maples said the announcement China made last week should be viewed more as a repeat of the first step.

 

He said looking at the process Canadian beef followed to re-enter the Chinese market can provide a reference.

 

“China also closed the door on Canadian beef in 2003 as a response to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). In June of 2010, China announced it would reopen imports of Canadian beef in stages,” Maples explained.

 

China first allowed boneless frozen beef from cattle under 30 months of age, shipments of which began in May 2011. China agreed to allow Canadian bone-in frozen beef from cattle under 30 months old in September 2016. In regard to traceability, Maples said the cattle from which the beef is harvested must meet the requirements that “each animal has a unique identity, the farm of origin (place of birth) can be traced and the cattle should be slaughtered at less than 30 months of age.”

 

While the process to begin shipment of U.S. will not necessarily have to follow the same staged process or take the same amount of time, Maples said this is a good example of the types of protocols and regulatory hurdles that must be negotiated...

 

more

http://www.feedstuffs.com/markets/export-protocol-negotiation-decide-timeline-us-beef-china