In this file:


·         Justin Trudeau Warns Trump About NAFTA Plan, Says Deal Is Good for U.S. Jobs

·         Canada, US Need Voices to Defend, Preserve, Enhance Free & Fair Trade

·         Options Available to Address Economic Harm Caused by Changing U.S. Trade Policies

·         Pacific trade pact countries seek ‘progressive’ way forward



Justin Trudeau Warns Trump About NAFTA Plan, Says Deal Is Good for U.S. Jobs


by Alastair Jamieson, NBC News

Mar 16, 2017 


Donald Trump's plan to tear up NAFTA could hit U.S. jobs, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau warned in an exclusive interview with NBC News.


The president has begun moves to renegotiate what he called the "worst trade deal ever approved in this country." However, Trudeau said the Clinton-era agreement had "led to a lot of great jobs for a whole lot of people on both sides of the border."


Trudeau spoke to NBC News' Tom Brokaw at the New York launch of "Come From Away," a Broadway musical about international friendships and the cross-border impact of 9/11.


It tells the story of the 38 international flights forced to land in Gander, Newfoundland, when U.S. airspace was closed following the attacks by al Qaeda in 2001.


Ivanka Trump and Nikki Haley, the new U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, were among the guests at Wednesday night's event.


Trudeau said his message to the new administration was that "good jobs, middle class, happen on both sides of the border because of the close relationship" between the neighbors.


"NAFTA's been ... improved a dozen times over the past 20 years," Trudeau said. "There's always opportunities to talk about how we can make it better. It has led to a lot of great jobs for a whole lot of people on both sides of the border and I very much take him at his word when he talks about just making a few tweaks. Because that's what we're always happy to do."


Trudeau added: "We've got auto parts criss-crossing the border six times before they end up in a finished product. You've got over $2 billion a day going back and forth. So, making sure that the border is … secure but also smooth in its flow of goods and people is essential to good jobs on both sides of the border."


President Trump has vowed to withdraw from NAFTA, which took effect in 1994 and includes Canada and Mexico, if he cannot renegotiate it to benefit American interests. He formally withdrew the U.S. from the Trans-Pacific Partnership within days of taking office in January and said he would renegotiate NAFTA "at the appropriate time."


The U.S. Chamber of Commerce says the United States conducts more than $3.2 billion worth of trade with its North American neighbors every day. NAFTA brings export revenue worth $36,000 for each and every American factory worker, it says.


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Canada, US Need Voices to Defend, Preserve, Enhance Free & Fair Trade


FarmScape / Manitoba Pork Council and Sask Pork

via The Cattle Site - 16 March 2017


CANADA& US - Saskatchewan's Premier says strong voices are needed on both sides of the Canada-US border to speak to the importance of trade, Bruce Cochrane writes.


Yesterday the Iowa House of Representatives and the Iowa Senate passed resolutions declaring 15 March as Canada Day at the Capitol and recognizing the importance of trade between Iowa and Canada.


Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall, on hand to address both houses of the Iowa General Assembly, noted much like the state of Iowa, the province of Saskatchewan is an agricultural powerhouse and, like Iowa, Saskatchewan seeks to trade and to trade freely and fairly.


Brad Wall-Premier Saskatchewan


Last year Iowa had a trade surplus with the province of Saskatchewan.


From you we brought tractors and trailers.


We bought bulldozers and scrapers, about 363 million dollars worth of goods and from us you purchased about 355 million dollars worth of canola oil and live animals and potash fertilizer for your crops that you grow here.


But ours is a relationship that goes beyond strictly trading primary resources or even value added products, it's a value chain.


Consider that tractors that have been assembled in Waterloo at the John Deer Assembly plant are purchased by farmers in my province, they use it to harvest oats, the oats are sold back to Iowa in Iowa and at Cedar Rapids they make them into Cheerios or the cereal that we can never get our kids to eat, the oatmeal.


That is a value chain.





Options Available to Address Economic Harm Caused by Changing U.S. Trade Policies


Peter Clark - Grey, Clark, Shih and Associates

Farmscape for March 16, 2017


A Canadian based International Trade Consultant says there are options available in the event the United States implements trade policies that cause economic harm to Canada.


Negotiations aimed at revamping the North American Free Trade Agreement are expected to commence later this year.


Peter Clark, with Grey, Clark, Shih and Associates, says, in the past Canada has relied on the World Trade Organization to deal with breaches of interactional trade agreements but, in a world where the United States is looking for ways to get around the WTO dispute settlement process, Canada will have to demonstrate that it's willing to extract a kilo or two of flesh of its own.


Clip-Peter Clark-Grey, Clark, Shih and Associates:


You're going to have challenges because the way the Americans negotiate is they push push push and if we want them to back off or they actually do something that hurts us we have to be able to rally what support we can get in the United States and that's done by picking targets, publicizing the targets and making sure those targets are going to affect key legislators constituencies.


We could also, for example, threaten to put a tax on everything coming from the United States because they don't have carbon taxes and if they don't have carbon taxes effectively they're providing a benefit to their industries and their farmers and ranchers that we don't have.


We could, if they change the tax system so that there's a benefit on all U.S. exports in terms of rebate of income taxes, we could slap a countervailing duty on at the border because that would be an illegal subsidy.


There's a whole range of things that we can do if people have the imagination to work them through and the legislators have the intestinal fortitude to implement them.





Pacific trade pact countries seek ‘progressive’ way forward


By Antonio De la Jara, Rosalba O'Brien, Canadian Cattlemen

March 15, 2017


Vina Del Mar, Chile | Reuters — The remaining members of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) are seeking a way forward on the trade pact, they said on Wednesday, as some emphasized the need for deals to address concerns about workers’ rights and other issues.


The TPP, which originally covered some 40 per cent of global gross domestic product, was effectively torpedoed in its current form when President Donald Trump withdrew the U.S. from the agreement in January.


The 12 members met for the first time since then on Wednesday, assembled by Chile alongside China, South Korea and Colombia, to try to thrash out a way forward on Asia-Pacific trade.


With the retreat of the U.S., China appears to be the natural successor to lead those discussions, but an emphasis on getting a progressive deal that wins buy-in from skeptical citizens could see nations in the Americas forging a different path.


“We are talking about free trade of a very high quality, with protection for investors, the environment and labour rights,” Mexican foreign minister Luis Videgaray told reporters after the meeting.


“That is the primary criteria with which any negotiation that takes place will comply.”


Consensus was growing that trade deals need to consider issues like the environment and labour rights, Canada’s trade minister Francois-Philippe Champagne said on the sidelines.


“Around the table, the word ‘progressive’ appears more and more… it is becoming part of what people would consider as a base in order to progress,” he said.


Critics of the TPP have said it does not do enough to protect jobs, and U.S. presidential candidates across the political spectrum promised to scrap it if elected...