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         Vietnam culls 1.2 million pigs as African swine fever spreads nationwide

         African swine fever found in another province near Saigon



Vietnam culls 1.2 million pigs as African swine fever spreads nationwide



via The Straits Times - May 13, 2019


HANOI (REUTERS, WASHINGTON POST) - Vietnam has culled more than 1.2 million farmed pigs infected with African swine fever, the government said on Monday (May 13), as the virus continues to spread rapidly in the South-east Asian country.


Pork accounts for three-quarters of total meat consumption in Vietnam, a country of 95 million people. Most of its 30 million farm-raised pigs are consumed domestically.


The virus was first detected in Vietnam in February and has spread to 29 provinces, including Dong Nai, which supplies around 40 per cent of the pork consumed in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam's southern economic hub.


"The risk of the virus spreading further is very high and the evolution of the outbreak is complicated," the government said in a statement.


It said many provinces had failed to detect outbreaks and cull infected pigs properly due to a lack of funds and the space needed for burying the dead pigs.


The disease has also spread quickly across neighbouring China.


The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in March advised Vietnam to declare the swine fever outbreak a national emergency.


According to the Singapore Food Agency, Vietnam is not approved to export pork to Singapore. However, China is on the agency's list of approved pork exporting nations.


The virus, which is not communicable to humans, can be spread by live or dead pigs, domestic or wild, and via pork products. Symptoms in animals include high fever, weakness, skin lesions, diarrhea, vomiting and difficulty breathing. Death can occur within a week of infection.


There is no treatment or vaccine for the disease, and the only way to stop it is to cull all affected or exposed swine herds. If that occurs, there will not be enough surplus pork in the world to make up for the anticipated shortfall in Chinese production.


Affected animals have now been reported in every province in China...





African swine fever found in another province near Saigon


By Van Tram, VN Express International

May 13, 2019


Three Binh Phuoc farms have been infected with African swine fever, making it the second southern locality to suffer incurable disease.


Between Wednesday and Saturday, three farms in the provinceís Dong Phu District reported cases of pigs with African swine fever, a viral disease that infects all pig species through bodily fluids such as blood and mucus and causes hemorrhagic fever.


The disease was found in farms belonging at two households in Tan Lap Commune and one in Tan Phu Town. In total, 21 pigs have been affected and killed.


Tran Van Loc, director of the provincial agriculture department, said Binh Phuoc had 11,000 households with 250 large-scale farms raising around 740,000 pigs.


The local authorities have quarantined affected areas.


Binh Phuoc, three hours north of Ho Chi Minh City, is the second southern province that has seen the disease after it spread to more than 20 cities and provinces in the northern and central regions this year, leading to the killing of over 85,000 pigs.


Dong Nai Province, a neighbor of HCMC and home to the nationís largest pig herd, last Wednesday reported the disease in two of its farms.


HCMC is implementing plans to protect 280,000 pigs raised by 4,000 households in the municipality, the cityís agriculture department said.


African swine fever attacked Vietnam on February 1 this year. Several northern provinces and the capital city Hanoi have reported they are free of African swine fever as per Vietnamese regulations after there were no new cases of pigs dying for 30 days.


Some 70 percent of meat products in Vietnam are from pigs, with over 10,000 farms and 2.5 million households raising the animal for food...