Extended Rains Could Washout Hopes for High Yields, Incomes


By Sonja Begemann, Farm Journal, Seeds and Crop Production Editor

via AgWeb - May 9, 2019


Farmers across much of the Midwest are facing planting delays—in some cases severe.


There are three key implications of late planting, according to University of Illinois Farmdoc:


·         First, incomes could be low because of low yields

·         Second, switching to soybeans will be more complicated than expected because of low prices

·         Third, prevented plant could be a factor on many farms


According to USDA, twenty-three percent of U.S. corn acres are planted, compared to 46% over the five-year average. With delayed planting, farmers could see lower corn and soybean yields. Illinois and Ohio agronomists also anticipate preventive planting could come into play on many Midwest farms. Here’s a glimpse at planting:


·         Illinois: 10% compared to a 66% five-year average

·         Indiana: 3% compared to a 35% five-year average

·         Iowa: 36% compared to a 51% five-year average

·         Kansas: 36% compared to a 51% five-year average

·         Michigan: 3% compared to a 16% five-year average

·         Minnesota: 6% compared to a 42 five-year average

·         Missouri: 49% compared to a 74% five-year average

·         Nebraska: 35% compared to a 47% five-year average

·         North Dakota: 3% in 2018 compared to a 23% five-year average

·         Ohio: 2% compared to a 27% five-year average

·         South Dakota: 0% compared to 29% five-year average

·         Wisconsin: 7% compared to a 24% five-year average


While delayed planting could lead to lower yields, farmers have dealt with this situation before. In 2009 farmers planted late and yields were 10 bu. above trend. Last year, however, parts of Iowa and Minnesota last year were planted late and had below trendline yields.


At this point, many farmers are weighing their crop decisions. In some areas it might soon be time to switch to soybeans, however, low prices are putting pressure on farmers to stick with corn. Farmdoc breaks down what yields farmers need to achieve to break even...


What happens if you’re stuck with prevented plant? ...


more, including table, maps