In this file:
· U.S. Hog Farms Increase For First Time Since 1935
· 2017 Ag Census: Total Number Of U.S. Farms Declines 3%
U.S. Hog Farms Increase For First Time Since 1935
Jennifer Shike, FarmJournal's Pork
April 11, 2019
Not only are the numbers of hogs produced in the U.S. growing, so are the number of hog operations, according to the 2017 Census of Agriculture released on April 11. The 1935 Ag Census said 3.9 million U.S. farms raised hogs. Each subsequent census has found fewer farms with hogs until now.
The total number of hogs grew from 66 million in 2012 to nearly 72.4 million in 2017, while the number of hog farms grew 5% from 63,246 to 66,439 respectively.
The mid-sized operation numbers dropped for the most part with the largest operations with over 5,000 head growing from 3,006 to 3,600 in 2017, a nearly 20% increase. The number of farms with 1 to 24 head of pigs jumped 11.5% from 41,688 farms to 46,475.
Minnesota Closes Gap
The top five pork-producing states held their own, though No. 2 North Carolina was almost surpassed by Minnesota in total number of hogs.
Iowa came in with just over 22.7 million head as compared to 20.5 million in 2012. North Carolina dropped from 8,901,434 head in 2012 to 8,899,459 in 2017. Minnesota was just behind at 8,467,361 head.
Top Five Pork-Producing States ...
2017 Ag Census: Total Number Of U.S. Farms Declines 3%
Greg Henderson, Drovers
April 11, 2019
The total number of farms in the United States declined 3% from 2012 to 2017, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s 2017 Census of Agriculture released Thursday, April 11. Since the 1997 Census of Agriculture, the number of farms in the U.S. has declined 7.8%.
The total number of farms on Dec. 31, 2017, was calculated at 2,042,220, which was 67,110 fewer than reported in the 2012 Census of Agriculture.
The Census of Agriculture is conducted every five years by USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) with information directly from farmers and ranchers. Overall, USDA said there continue to be more of the largest and smallest operations and fewer middle-sized farms. The average age of all farmers and ranchers continues to rise.
NASS found the average size of farms in 2017 was 441 acres, up slightly from 434 acres in 2012. However, the total number of land in farms in 2017 was down 1.5%, totaling slightly more than 900 million acres.
The number of farms with cropland declined 5% from 2012 to 2017, yet the number of acres farmed in crops increased 1.7% to 396.4 million acres.
While NASS found the overall number of farmers declined, the declines occurred among mid-sized farms. Both the smallest sized farms (less than 9 acres) and the largest farms (2,000 acres of more), showed increases. Farms with fewer than 9 acres (273,325 farms) increased by 18% since the 2012 census, and farms with more than 2,000 acres (85,127) increased 3.5%...
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